Evidence from the Mars Express High Resolution Stereo Camera for a frozen sea close to Mars' equator. Journal Article uri icon



  • It is thought that the Cerberus Fossae fissures on Mars were the source of both lava and water floods two to ten million years ago. Evidence for the resulting lava plains has been identified in eastern Elysium, but seas and lakes from these fissures and previous water flooding events were presumed to have evaporated and sublimed away. Here we present High Resolution Stereo Camera images from the European Space Agency Mars Express spacecraft that indicate that such lakes may still exist. We infer that the evidence is consistent with a frozen body of water, with surface pack-ice, around 5 degrees north latitude and 150 degrees east longitude in southern Elysium. The frozen lake measures about 800 x 900 km in lateral extent and may be up to 45 metres deep--similar in size and depth to the North Sea. From crater counts, we determined its age to be 5 +/- 2 million years old. If our interpretation is confirmed, this is a place that might preserve evidence of primitive life, if it has ever developed on Mars.

publication date

  • March 1, 2005

has subject area

Date in CU Experts

  • March 13, 2015 12:13 PM

Full Author List

  • Murray JB; Muller JP; Neukum G; Werner SC; van Gasselt S; Hauber E; Markiewicz WJ; Head JW; Foing BH; Page D

author count

  • 12

citation count

  • 10

published in

Other Profiles

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0028-0836

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1476-4687

Additional Document Info

start page

  • 352

end page

  • 356


  • 434


  • 7031