100 Years of Earth System Model Development Journal Article uri icon



  • Abstract; Today’s global Earth system models began as simple regional models of tropospheric weather systems. Over the past century, the physical realism of the models has steadily increased, while the scope of the models has broadened to include the global troposphere and stratosphere, the ocean, the vegetated land surface, and terrestrial ice sheets. This chapter gives an approximately chronological account of the many and profound conceptual and technological advances that made today’s models possible. For brevity, we omit any discussion of the roles of chemistry and biogeochemistry, and terrestrial ice sheets.

publication date

  • January 1, 2019

has restriction

  • gold

Date in CU Experts

  • January 8, 2021 12:19 PM

Full Author List

  • Randall DA; Bitz CM; Danabasoglu G; Denning AS; Gent PR; Gettelman A; Griffies SM; Lynch P; Morrison H; Pincus R

author count

  • 11

Other Profiles

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0065-9401

Additional Document Info

start page

  • 12.1

end page

  • 12.66


  • 59