The Ordovician graptoloid Didymograptus murchisoni in South Wales and its use in three-dimensional absolute strain analysis Journal Article uri icon



  • ABSTRACTThe dimensional statistics and proximal development characters of the Llanvirnian pendent didymograptid D. murchisoni are defined using the type material from near Builth Wells (Powys) and other collections from Abereiddi Bay (Dyfed). Population variability (as expressed by variation coefficients) in the undeformed faunas amounts to about 10% for the sicula lengths and thecal spacings, but is over 20% (up to 200%) for stipe lengths and divergences. Characters with low variability have greater species-diagnostic value. Proximal development in the species involves a dicalycal th 11 and a low origin for that theca from the sicula. The taxa Didymograptus amplus, D. nanus, D. geminus, D. geminus latus and D. acutus are varieties within populations of D. murchisoni and are therefore junior synonyms.The resulting rationalised taxonomy allows advances to be made in the use of the species in stratigraphy and tectonics. For example, an occurrence of undeformed (pyritised) D. murchisoni in full relief at Abereiddi in the same beds as flattened and deformed faunas, allows a calculation of the absolute three-dimensional strains to be made for the slates there. The strains are strongly flattening (K < 0 · 3) and involve volume changes of about −56%. The high dilatation values imply that stylolite and grain-boundary pressure solution operated during the deformations to take the changes in volume beyond what is possible with simple compaction (i.e. porosity reduction).

publication date

  • January 1, 1987

Date in CU Experts

  • January 14, 2021 12:36 PM

Full Author List

  • Jenkins CJ

author count

  • 1

Other Profiles

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0263-5933

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1473-7116

Additional Document Info

start page

  • 105

end page

  • 114


  • 78


  • 2