Are African Americans Effectively Represented in Congress? Journal Article uri icon



  • The authors relate the racial composition of districts to five measures of legislative activity and position in the 101st to 106th Congresses: bill introduction, colleague cosponsorship, bill passage, committee portfolio, and party leadership. The authors find that African American constituents generally are represented by less active and less well-positioned legislators on four of the five measures. They also explore the origin of these disparities. Two of the disparities (bill passage and party leadership) are partly explained by the tendency of districts with larger African American populations to be less electorally competitive. A third disparity (committee portfolio) is accounted for by the tendency of larger African American populations to be represented by African American members of Congress.

publication date

  • March 1, 2011

has restriction

  • closed

Date in CU Experts

  • November 3, 2013 8:49 AM

Full Author List

  • Griffin JD; Keane M

author count

  • 2

Other Profiles

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1065-9129

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1938-274X

Additional Document Info

start page

  • 145

end page

  • 156


  • 64


  • 1