Cell-free co-expression of functional membrane proteins and apolipoprotein, forming soluble nanolipoprotein particles. Journal Article uri icon



  • Here we demonstrate rapid production of solubilized and functional membrane protein by simultaneous cell-free expression of an apolipoprotein and a membrane protein in the presence of lipids, leading to the self-assembly of membrane protein-containing nanolipoprotein particles (NLPs). NLPs have shown great promise as a biotechnology platform for solubilizing and characterizing membrane proteins. However, current approaches are limited because they require extensive efforts to express, purify, and solubilize the membrane protein prior to insertion into NLPs. By the simple addition of a few constituents to cell-free extracts, we can produce membrane proteins in NLPs with considerably less effort. For this approach an integral membrane protein and an apolipoprotein scaffold are encoded by two DNA plasmids introduced into cell-free extracts along with lipids. For this study reported here we used plasmids encoding the bacteriorhodopsin (bR) membrane apoprotein and scaffold protein Delta1-49 apolipoprotein A-I fragment (Delta49A1). Cell free co-expression of the proteins encoded by these plasmids, in the presence of the cofactor all-trans-retinal and dimyristoylphosphatidylcholine, resulted in production of functional bR as demonstrated by a 5-nm shift in the absorption spectra upon light adaptation and characteristic time-resolved FT infrared difference spectra for the bR --> M transition. Importantly the functional bR was solubilized in discoidal bR.NLPs as determined by atomic force microscopy. A survey study of other membrane proteins co-expressed with Delta49A1 scaffold protein also showed significantly increased solubility of all of the membrane proteins, indicating that this approach may provide a general method for expressing membrane proteins enabling further studies.

publication date

  • November 1, 2008

has subject area

Date in CU Experts

  • October 1, 2014 9:02 AM

Full Author List

  • Cappuccio JA; Blanchette CD; Sulchek TA; Arroyo ES; Kralj JM; Hinz AK; Kuhn EA; Chromy BA; Segelke BW; Rothschild KJ

author count

  • 17

citation count

  • 36

Other Profiles

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1535-9476

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1535-9484

Additional Document Info

start page

  • 2246

end page

  • 2253


  • 7


  • 11