Female labour force activity and the sex differential in mortality: comparisons across developed nations, 1950-1980. Journal Article uri icon



  • This paper examines the macro-level relationship between female labor force activity and the sex differential in mortality among developed nations. Discrimination, protection, and null relationship hypotheses are tested using aggregate data for 18 high income nations over 7 time points from 1950 to 1980. High levels of female labor force activity--controlling for a variety of general social conditions--increase the longevity advantage women have over men. In some models the effects are immediate; in other models the effects occur after a substantial lag; but in no cases are there harmful effects for women's longevity. Also important for the differential are consumption of cigarettes and alcohol, and the level of income inequality in a society.

publication date

  • December 1, 1989

has subject area

has restriction

  • closed

Date in CU Experts

  • March 13, 2015 12:56 PM

Full Author List

  • Pampel FC; Zimmer C

author count

  • 2

Other Profiles

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0168-6577

Additional Document Info

start page

  • 281

end page

  • 304


  • 5


  • 3