Operon and non-operon gene clusters in the C. elegans genome. Journal Article uri icon

Overview

abstract

  • Nearly 15% of the ~20,000 C. elegans genes are contained in operons, multigene clusters controlled by a single promoter. The vast majority of these are of a type where the genes in the cluster are ~100 bp apart and the pre-mRNA is processed by 3' end formation accompanied by trans-splicing. A spliced leader, SL2, is specialized for operon processing. Here we summarize current knowledge on several variations on this theme including: (1) hybrid operons, which have additional promoters between genes; (2) operons with exceptionally long (> 1 kb) intercistronic regions; (3) operons with a second 3' end formation site close to the trans-splice site; (4) alternative operons, in which the exons are sometimes spliced as a single gene and sometimes as two genes; (5) SL1-type operons, which use SL1 instead of SL2 to trans-splice and in which there is no intercistronic space; (6) operons that make dicistronic mRNAs; and (7) non-operon gene clusters, in which either two genes use a single exon as the 3' end of one and the 5' end of the next, or the 3' UTR of one gene serves as the outron of the next. Each of these variations is relatively infrequent, but together they show a remarkable variety of tight-linkage gene arrangements in the C. elegans genome.

publication date

  • January 1, 2015

Date in CU Experts

  • May 6, 2015 8:28 AM

Full Author List

  • Blumenthal T; Davis P; Garrido-Lecca A

author count

  • 3

citation count

  • 0

Other Profiles

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1551-8507

Additional Document Info

start page

  • 1

end page

  • 20