Analyses of normal and abnormal esophageal transport using computer simulations. Journal Article uri icon

Overview

abstract

  • Mathematical modeling and computer simulations are combined with concurrent manometric and videofluoroscopic data to analyze the contractile behavior of the esophageal wall during normal and abnormal esophageal bolus transport. The study focuses on axial variations in intraluminal pressure in relationship to deformations of the esophageal wall during the transport process. Four case studies of esophageal bolus transport described by Kahrilas et al. (Gastroenterology 94: 73-80, 1988), one normal and three abnormal, are analyzed in detail by capturing the major elements of both the videofluoroscopic and concurrent manometric data in the mathematical model. In all cases a strong correlation between the deformations of the luminal wall and the axial variations of intraluminal pressure is observed. Simulation of normal bolus transport shows that, whereas only gentle variations in intrabolus pressure occur in the main body of the bolus due to weak frictional forces there, large frictional forces force a rapid rise in pressure near the bolus tail induced by circular muscle squeeze. Of particular interest is the analysis of incomplete clearance of bolus fluid in the aortic arch region. The only physically correct model consistent both with the videofluoroscopic and the manometric data implies the existence of two separate contraction waves, one above and one below the transition zone.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

publication date

  • April 1, 1994

Full Author List

  • Li M; Brasseur JG; Dodds WJ

Other Profiles

Additional Document Info

start page

  • G525

end page

  • G543

volume

  • 266

issue

  • 4 Pt 1