Beam loading by distributed injection of electrons in a plasma wakefield accelerator. Journal Article uri icon



  • We show through experiments and supporting simulations that propagation of a highly relativistic and dense electron bunch through a plasma can lead to distributed injection of electrons, which depletes the accelerating field, i.e., beam loads the wake. The source of the injected electrons is ionization of the second electron of rubidium (Rb II) within the wake. This injection of excess charge is large enough to severely beam load the wake, and thereby reduce the transformer ratio T. The reduction of the average T with increasing beam loading is quantified for the first time by measuring the ratio of peak energy gain and loss of electrons while changing the beam emittance. Simulations show that beam loading by Rb II electrons contributes to the reduction of the peak accelerating field from its weakly loaded value of 43  GV/m to a strongly loaded value of 26  GV/m.

publication date

  • January 17, 2014

Date in CU Experts

  • January 26, 2017 3:02 AM

Full Author List

  • Vafaei-Najafabadi N; Marsh KA; Clayton CE; An W; Mori WB; Joshi C; Lu W; Adli E; Corde S; Litos M

author count

  • 21

Other Profiles

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1079-7114

Additional Document Info

start page

  • 025001


  • 112


  • 2