Exploring LoRa for Long-range Through-wall Sensing Journal Article uri icon

Overview

abstract

  • Wireless signals have been extensively utilized for contactless sensing in the past few years. Due to the intrinsic nature of employing the weak target-reflected signal for sensing, the sensing range is limited. For instance, WiFi and RFID can achieve 3-6 meter sensing range while acoustic-based sensing is limited to less than one meter. In this work, we identify exciting sensing opportunities with LoRa, which is the new long-range communication technology designed for IoT communication. We explore the sensing capability of LoRa, both theoretically and experimentally. We develop the sensing model to characterize the relationship between target movement and signal variation, and propose novel techniques to increase LoRa sensing range to over 25 meters for human respiration sensing. We further build a prototype system which is capable of sensing both coarse-grained and fine-grained human activities. Experimental results show that (1) human respiration can still be sensed when the target is 25 meters away from the LoRa devices, and 15 meters away with a wall in between; and (2) human walking (both displacement and direction) can be tracked accurately even when the target is 30 meters away from the LoRa transceiver pair.

publication date

  • June 15, 2020

Date in CU Experts

  • January 31, 2021 11:09 AM

Full Author List

  • Zhang F; Chang Z; Niu K; Xiong J; Jin B; Lv Q; Zhang D

author count

  • 7

Other Profiles

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 2474-9567

Additional Document Info

start page

  • 1

end page

  • 27

volume

  • 4

issue

  • 2