Karachi effects of the Makran earthquake and tsunami of November 1945: Mercury spilled, tide gauge impaired, seawalls overrun, boats displaced, mosque flooded Scholarly Edition uri icon



  • History forewarns of earthquakes and tsunamis on northwest Indian Ocean shores. The forewarnings include eyewitness testimony from mainly rural parts of present-day Oman, Iran, Pakistan, and India. Such recollections were gathered in “Remembering the 1945 Makran tsunami” (UNESCO-IOC, 2015). Here, in an urban sequel, the 1945 tsunami and its parent earthquake register in Karachi, home then as now of the region’s principal port. Shaking damages a giant assembly of lighthouse lenses. Tsunami waves that follow disable a long-running tide gauge, flood port facilities and fishing villages, and move boats.Intended for a broad audience, the folio reconstructs this Karachi history from archives and interviews. The findings include water-level estimates that may aid in calibrating tsunami-hazard maps.

publication date

  • January 1, 2021

Date in CU Experts

  • June 14, 2021 5:07 AM

Full Author List

  • Atwater BF; Hasan H; Naeem G; Kakar DM; Humayun A; Srinivasalu S; Elton J; Hasan NA; Usman A; Lodhi HA

author count

  • 13

Additional Document Info


  • IOC/BRO/2020/7