An updated subgrid orographic parameterization for global atmospheric forecast models Journal Article uri icon



  • AbstractA subgrid orographic parameterization (SOP) is updated by including the effects of orographic anisotropy and flow‐blocking drag (FBD). The impact of the updated SOP on short‐range forecasts is investigated using a global atmospheric forecast model applied to a heavy snowfall event over Korea on 4 January 2010. When the SOP is updated, the orographic drag in the lower troposphere noticeably increases owing to the additional FBD over mountainous regions. The enhanced drag directly weakens the excessive wind speed in the low troposphere and indirectly improves the temperature and mass fields over East Asia. In addition, the snowfall overestimation over Korea is improved by the reduced heat fluxes from the surface. The forecast improvements are robust regardless of the horizontal resolution of the model between T126 and T510. The parameterization is statistically evaluated based on the skill of the medium‐range forecasts for February 2014. For the medium‐range forecasts, the skill improvements of the wind speed and temperature in the low troposphere are observed globally and for East Asia while both positive and negative effects appear indirectly in the middle‐upper troposphere. The statistical skill for the precipitation is mostly improved due to the improvements in the synoptic fields. The improvements are also found for seasonal simulation throughout the troposphere and stratosphere during boreal winter.

publication date

  • December 27, 2015

has restriction

  • bronze

Date in CU Experts

  • June 16, 2021 7:27 AM

Full Author List

  • Choi H; Hong S

author count

  • 2

Other Profiles

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 2169-897X

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 2169-8996

Additional Document Info

start page

  • 12445

end page

  • 12457


  • 120


  • 24