California reanalysis downscaling at 10 km using an ocean‐atmosphere coupled regional model system Journal Article uri icon



  • A fully coupled regional downscaling system based on the Regional Spectral Model (RSM) for atmosphere and the Regional Ocean Modeling System (ROMS) for the ocean was developed for the purpose of downscaling observed analysis or global model outputs. The two models share the same grid and resolution with efficient parallelization through the use of dual message passing interfaces. Coupled downscaling was performed using historical Simple Ocean Data Assimilation (SODA) oceanic reanalysis and NCEP/DOE (R‐2) atmospheric reanalysis in order to study the impact of coupling on the regional scale atmospheric analysis. The results were subsequently compared with the uncoupled downscaling forced by the prescribed observed sea surface temperature (SST). The coupled experiment yielded the SST and ocean current with realistic small‐scale oceanic features that are almost absent in the oceanic reanalysis. Upwelling over the California coast is well resolved and comparable to findings obtained from high‐resolution observations. The coupling impact on the atmospheric circulation mainly modulates the near surface atmospheric variables when compared to the simulation conducted without coupling. The duration of the Catalina Eddy detected in the coupled experiment increased by about 6.5% when compared to that in the uncoupled experiment. The offshore land breeze is enhanced by about 10%, whereas the change in the onshore sea breeze is very small during the summer.

publication date

  • June 27, 2012

has restriction

  • bronze

Date in CU Experts

  • June 16, 2021 7:51 AM

Full Author List

  • Li H; Kanamitsu M; Hong S

author count

  • 3

Other Profiles

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0148-0227

Additional Document Info


  • 117


  • D12