The impacts of four stratiform cloud parameterizations on seasonal mean fields are investigated using the global version of the Experimental Climate Prediction Center (ECPC) global-to-regional forecast system (G-RSM). The simulated fields are compared with the International Satellite Cloud Climatology Project (ISCCP) data for clouds, the Global Precipitation Climatology Project data for precipitation, the Earth Radiation Budget Experiment and the Surface Radiation Budget data for radiation, and the National Centers for Environmental Prediction (NCEP)–Department of Energy (DOE) Atmospheric Model Intercomparison Project (AMIP-II) Reanalysis (R-2) for temperature.;
Compared to observations, no stratiform cloud parameterization performed better in simulating all aspects of clouds, temperature, precipitation, and radiation fluxes. There are strong interactions between parameterized stratiform clouds and boundary layer clouds and convection, resulting in changes in low-level cloudiness and precipitation in the simulations.;
When the simulations are compared with ISCCP cloudiness and cloud water, and the NCEP/DOE R-2 relative humidity, the cloud amounts simulated by all four cloud schemes depend mostly on relative humidity with less dependency on the model’s cloud water, while the observed cloud amount is more strongly dependent on cloud water than relative humidity, suggesting that cloud parameterizations and the simulation of cloud water require further improvement.