A High-Resolution Flood Inundation Archive (2016–the Present) from Sentinel-1 SAR Imagery over CONUS Journal Article uri icon



  • AbstractMost existing inundation inventories are based on surveys, news, or passive remote sensing imagery. Affected by spatiotemporal resolution or weather conditions, these inventories are limited in spatial details or coverage. Satellite synthetic aperture radar (SAR) data have recently enabled flood mapping at unprecedented spatiotemporal resolution. However, the bottleneck in producing SAR-based flood maps is the requirement of expert manual processing to maintain acceptable accuracy by most SAR-driven mapping techniques. To fill the vacancy, we generate a high-resolution (10 m) flood inundation dataset over the contiguous United States (CONUS) from nearly the entire Sentinel-1 SAR archive (from January 2016 to the present), using a recently developed automated Radar Produced Inundation Diary (RAPID) system. RAPID uses U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) water watch system and accumulated precipitation to identify SAR images that potentially overlap a flood event. The dataset include inundation events with the temporal scale from several days to months. Concluded from all 559 overlapping images in the period from 2016 to the first half of 2019, the comparison of the proposed dataset against the USGS Dynamic Surface Water Extent (DSWE) product yields an overall, user, producer agreements, and critical success index of 99.06%, 87.63%, 91.76%, and 81.23%, respectively, demonstrating the high accuracy of the proposed dataset and the robustness of the automated system. We anticipate this archive to facilitate many applications, including large-scale flood loss and risk assessment, and inundation model calibration and validation.

publication date

  • May 1, 2021

Date in CU Experts

  • December 21, 2021 9:11 AM

Full Author List

  • Yang Q; Shen X; Anagnostou EN; Mo C; Eggleston JR; Kettner AJ

author count

  • 6

Other Profiles

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0003-0007

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1520-0477

Additional Document Info

start page

  • E1064

end page

  • E1079


  • 102


  • 5