The Effects of Transit Systems on International Trade Journal Article uri icon



  • Abstract; In this paper, we estimate the trade effects of a transit system upgrading that streamlines border processing in developing countries. Our empirical approach combines transaction level export data from El Salvador with unique data that distinguishes export flows that were processed on the transit system. Our results indicate that the new transit system lowered regulatory border costs and raised exports. At the low end, our back-of-the-envelope estimate of the return to investment is US$ 3-to-1. This evidence informs a policy covered by the 2013 WTO Agreement of Trade Facilitation.

publication date

  • May 12, 2022

has restriction

  • green

Date in CU Experts

  • February 18, 2022 2:50 AM

Full Author List

  • Carballo J; Graziano AG; Schaur G; Martincus CV

author count

  • 4

Other Profiles

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0034-6535

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1530-9142

Additional Document Info

start page

  • 1

end page

  • 41