Characterizing Primary transcriptional responses to short term heat shock in paired fraternal lymphoblastoid lines with and without Down syndrome Journal Article uri icon



  • AbstractHeat shock stress induces genome wide changes in transcription regulation, activating a coordinated cellular response to enable survival. Using publicly available transcriptomic and proteomic data sets comparing individuals with and without trisomy 21, we noticed many heat shock genes are up-regulated in blood samples from individuals with trisomy 21. Yet no major heat shock response regulating transcription factor is encoded on chromosome 21, leaving it unclear why trisomy 21 itself would cause a heat shock response, or how it would impact the ability of blood cells to subsequently respond when faced with heat shock stress. To explore these issues in a context independent of any trisomy 21 associated co-morbidities or developmental differences, we characterized the response to heat shock of two lymphoblastoid cell lines derived from brothers with and without trisomy 21. To carefully compare the chromatin state and the transcription status of these cell lines, we measured nascent transcription, chromatin accessibility, and single cell transcript levels in the lymphoblastoid cell lines before and after acute heat shock treatment. The trisomy 21 cells displayed a more robust heat shock response after just one hour at 42°C than the matched disomic cells. We suggest multiple potential mechanisms for this increased heat shock response in lymphoblastoid cells with trisomy 21 including the possibility that cells with trisomy 21 may exist in a hyper-reactive state due to chronic stresses. Whatever the mechanism, abnormal heat shock response in individuals with Down syndrome may hobble immune responses during fever and contribute to health problems in these individuals.

publication date

  • January 20, 2023

has restriction

  • green

Date in CU Experts

  • February 14, 2023 10:03 AM

Full Author List

  • Cardiello JF; Westfall J; Dowell R; Allen MA

author count

  • 4

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