Thermodynamic and Kinematic Drivers of Atmospheric Boundary Layer Stability in the Central Arctic during MOSAiC Journal Article uri icon



  • Abstract. Observations collected during the Multidisciplinary drifting Observatory for the Study of Arctic Climate (MOSAiC) provide a detailed description of the impact of thermodynamic and kinematic forcings on atmospheric boundary layer (ABL) stability in the central Arctic. This study reveals that the Arctic ABL is stable and near-neutral with similar frequencies, and strong stability is the most persistent of all stability regimes. MOSAiC radiosonde observations, in conjunction with observations from additional measurement platforms including a 10 m meteorological tower, ceilometer, microwave radiometer, and radiation station, provide insight into the relationships between atmospheric stability and various atmospheric thermodynamic and kinematic forcings of ABL turbulence, and how these relationships differ by season. We found that stronger stability largely occurs in low wind (i.e., wind speeds are slow), low radiation (i.e., surface radiative fluxes are minimal) environments, a very shallow mixed ABL forms in low wind, high radiation environments, weak stability occurs in high wind, moderate radiation environments, and a near-neutral ABL forms in high wind, high radiation environments. Surface pressure (a proxy for synoptic staging) partially explains the observed wind speeds for different stability regimes. Cloud frequency and atmospheric moisture contribute to the observed surface radiation budget. Unique to summer, stronger stability may also form when moist air is advected from over the warmer open ocean to over the colder sea ice surface, which decouples the colder near-surface atmosphere from the advected layer, and is identifiable through observations of fog and atmospheric moisture.;

publication date

  • May 17, 2023

has restriction

  • green

Date in CU Experts

  • May 24, 2023 2:19 AM

Full Author List

  • Jozef GC; Cassano JJ; Dahlke S; Dice M; Cox CJ; de Boer G

author count

  • 6

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