Description and evaluation of the new UM-UKCA (vn11.0) Double Extended Stratospheric-Tropospheric (DEST vn1.0) scheme for comprehensive modelling of halogen chemistry in the stratosphere Journal Article uri icon



  • Abstract. The paper describes the development and performance of the Double Extended Stratospheric-Tropospheric (DEST vn1.0) chemistry scheme, which forms a part of the Met Office’s Unified Model coupled to the United Kingdom Chemistry and Aerosol (UM-UKCA) chemistry-climate model, the atmospheric composition model of the United Kingdom Earth System Model (UKESM). The scheme extends the standard Stratospheric-Tropospheric Chemistry scheme (StratTrop) by including a range of important updates to the halogen chemistry. These allow process-oriented studies of stratospheric ozone depletion and recovery, including the impacts from both controlled long-lived ozone-depleting substances (ODSs) and emerging issues around uncontrolled very short-lived substances (VSLS). The main updates in DEST are (i) an explicit treatment of 14 of the most important long-lived ODSs; (ii) an inclusion of Br-VSLS emissions and chemistry; and (iii) an inclusion of Cl-VSLS emissions/lower boundary conditions and chemistry. We evaluate the scheme’s performance by comparing DEST simulations against analogous runs made with the standard StratTrop scheme, as well as against observational and reanalysis datasets. Overall, our scheme addresses some significant shortcomings in the representation of atmospheric halogens in the standard StratTrop scheme, and will thus be particularly relevant for studies of ozone layer recovery and processes affecting it, in support of future Ozone Assessment reports.;

publication date

  • December 15, 2022

has restriction

  • green

Date in CU Experts

  • June 27, 2023 5:56 AM

Full Author List

  • Bednarz EM; Hossaini R; Abraham L; Chipperfield MP

author count

  • 4

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