The clouds of Venus: A synthesis report Journal Article uri icon



  • The results presented represent a synthesis of data from those Pioneer Venus experiments directed toward studying cloud problems. These orbiter and multiprobe experiments show the cloud system to consist of three altitude regions populated by cloud particles and smaller haze particles which extend above and below as well as coexist with the cloud particles. The optical properties derived are only consistent with the largest particles, having platelike morphology. The smallest particles are shown to require changes in chemical composition to explain observed behavior. The medium‐sized H2SO4 droplets of 2 µm diameter appear to be the least volatile and are the best understood. The role of the cloud particles in precipitation dynamical processes, lightning, and radiation are all discussed.

publication date

  • December 30, 1980

has restriction

  • closed

Date in CU Experts

  • March 31, 2014 11:11 AM

Full Author List

  • Knollenberg R; Travis L; Tomasko M; Smith P; Ragent B; Esposito L; McCleese D; Martonchik J; Beer R

author count

  • 9

Other Profiles

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0148-0227

Additional Document Info

start page

  • 8059

end page

  • 8081


  • 85


  • A13