Using the Hilbert transform for 3D visualization of differential interference contrast microscope images Journal Article uri icon



  • Differential interference contrast (DIC) is frequently used in conventional 2D biological microscopy. Our recent investigations into producing a 3D DIC microscope (in both conventional and confocal modes) have uncovered a fundamental difficulty: namely that the phase gradient images of DIC microscopy cannot be visualized using standard digital image processing and reconstruction techniques, as commonly used elsewhere in microscopy. We discuss two approaches to the problem of preparing gradient images for 3D visualization: integration and the Hilbert transform. After applying the Hilbert transform, the dataset can then be visualized in 3D using standard techniques. We find that the Hilbert transform provides a rapid qualitative preā€processing technique for 3D visualization for a wide range of biological specimens in DIC microscopy, including chromosomes, which we use in this study.

publication date

  • July 1, 2000

has restriction

  • closed

Date in CU Experts

  • April 4, 2014 10:59 AM

Full Author List

  • Arnison MR; Cogswell CJ; Smith NI; Fekete PW; Larkin KG

author count

  • 5

Other Profiles

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0022-2720

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1365-2818

Additional Document Info

start page

  • 79

end page

  • 84


  • 199


  • 1