Confocal differential interference contrast (DIC) microscopy: including a theoretical analysis of conventional and confocal DIC imaging Journal Article uri icon



  • SUMMARYA technique for obtaining differential interference contrast (DIC) imaging using a confocal microscope system is examined and its features compared to those of existing confocal differential phase contrast (DPC) techniques as well as to conventional Nomarski DIC. A theoretical treatment of DIC imaging is presented, which takes into account the vignetting effect caused by the finite size of the lens pupils. This facilitates the making of quantitative measurements in DIC and allows the user to identify and select the most appropriate system parameters, such as the bias retardation and lateral shear of the Wollaston prism.

publication date

  • January 1, 1992

has restriction

  • closed

Date in CU Experts

  • April 4, 2014 11:29 AM

Full Author List

  • Cogswell CJ; Sheppard CJR

author count

  • 2

Other Profiles

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0022-2720

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1365-2818

Additional Document Info

start page

  • 81

end page

  • 101


  • 165


  • 1