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Publications in VIVO

Gough, Raina V Instructor


Research Areas research areas


research overview

  • Raina Gough’s research focuses on the formation and stability of aqueous salt solutions on present day Mars. Mars is known to have abundant H2O in the gas (vapor) or solid (ice) phases, but until recently it was not thought that liquid water could exist. In the past years, however, spacecraft on Mars have collected data suggesting that liquid water may exist on the surface or in the subsurface for some portion of the Martian year. Pure liquid water is not thought to be stable due to the low pressures and temperatures found on the surface; however, salts such as perchlorates and chlorides are present in the Martian soil and may play a key role in stabilizing liquid water. We experimentally study the formation and stability of liquid salt solutions under low temperature conditions. We are particularly interested in deliquescence, which is a relative humidity-induced solid-to-aqueous phase transition.


  • planetary science, Mars, water


selected publications


courses taught

  • CHEM 1011 - Environmental Chemistry 1
    Primary Instructor - Fall 2019
    Lect. Introduces basic principles of chemistry with applications to current environmental issues including toxic chemicals, air and water pollution, energy sources and their environmental impact, and climate change resulting from the greenhouse effect. No credit given to chemistry or biochemistry majors for this course if students already have credit in any college-level chemistry course numbered 1113/1114 (formerly 1111) or higher.
  • CHEM 1134 - Laboratory in General Chemistry 2
    Primary Instructor - Spring 2019
    Lab. Intended for second-semester students whose academic plans require advanced work in chemistry. Instruction in experimental techniques which coordinate with lecture topics in CHEM 1133. Department enforced corequisite: CHEM 1133. Credit not granted for this course and CHEM 2101.


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