- In anaesthetized cats, medial gastrocnemius motor units (MUs) were electrically stimulated via their ventral-root axons with independent random patterns. Isometric muscle tension and homonymous alpha-motoneuron (MN) membrane-potential fluctuations in response to these stimuli were recorded simultaneously, usually for periods of about 2 min. The tension and membrane potential were averaged with respect to a stimulus train over two disjoint time intervals, one stretching 20-40 s at record beginning, and the other a similar duration at the end of recording. Whereas average MU twitch amplitudes usually decreased between these periods, average membrane potential trajectories did not do so, such that, when normalized to the change in twitch amplitude, the membrane potential trajectories usually increased in size. This suggests that the decline in the mechanical effect of MU activation was accompanied by an increase in the gain of the afferent pathway to homonymous MNs, which was confirmed by gain computations in the frequency domain. This compensation could be a mechanism to maintain the high quality of information about MU contractions transmitted to MNs in the course of MU fatigue.