Improving Collaboration: Guidelines for Team Training
Current issues require a team of experts with various backgrounds and expertise, and this has led to an increase in the importance of collaboration within medicine and science. However, a team of such experts does not ensure an expert team. Collaborative effectiveness is a function of both technical and teamwork knowledge, and the Science of Team Science needs to be integrated with the science of team training in order to promote successful collaboration. Meta-analytic evidence supports the use of team training for improving team cognition, performance, and overall effectiveness. The purpose of the current review is to identify team training guidelines for cross-disciplinary collaborative efforts in order to facilitate team functioning within translational medicine and related domains. This review also provides a discussion of challenges among these teams and insights on problem-solving strategies.