Evolution and Vertical Structure of an Undular Bore Observed on 20 June 2015 during PECAN Journal Article uri icon



  • This study documents the evolution of an impressive, largely undular bore triggered by an MCS-generated density current on 20 June 2015, observed as part of the Plains Elevated Convection at Night (PECAN) experiment. The University of Wyoming King Air with profiling nadir- and zenith-viewing lidars sampled the south-bound bore from the time the first bore wave emerged from the nocturnal convective cold pool and where updrafts over 10 m s−1 and turbulence in the wave’s wake were encountered, through the early dissipative stage in which the leading wave began to lose amplitude and speed. Through most of the bore’s life cycle, its second wave had a higher or equal amplitude relative to the leading wave. Striking roll clouds formed in wave crests and wave energy was detected to about 5 km AGL. The upstream environment indicates a negative Scorer parameter region due to flow reversal at midlevels, providing a wave trapping mechanism. The observed bore strength of 2.4–2.9 and speed of 15–16 m s−1 agree well with values predicted from hydraulic theory. Surface and profiling measurements collected later in the bore’s life cycle, just after sunrise, indicate a transition to a soliton.

publication date

  • September 1, 2017

has restriction

  • hybrid

Date in CU Experts

  • January 31, 2019 10:16 AM

Full Author List

  • Mueller D; Geerts B; Wang Z; Deng M; Grasmick C

author count

  • 5

Other Profiles

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0027-0644

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1520-0493

Additional Document Info

start page

  • 3775

end page

  • 3794


  • 145


  • 9