Neuroendocrine and cardiovascular responses to shifting status. Journal Article uri icon



  • We review recent work on human neuroendocrine and cardiovascular responses to stable and unstable status. We describe experiments examining inter-personal and inter-group contexts, involving both experimentally created as well as naturalistic (gender, SES) status differences. Across studies the pattern of results is clear: Stable status differences are stressful for those low in status, which is evident from increased cortisol and a cardiovascular response-pattern indicative of threat (low cardiac output, high vascular resistance); however, when status differences are unstable the same effects are found among those high in status, while those low in status show challenge (low vascular resistance, high cardiac output). Potential status-loss also leads to increased testosterone. We discuss implications and suggestions for further research.

publication date

  • June 1, 2020

has subject area

has restriction

  • green

Date in CU Experts

  • October 21, 2020 10:50 AM

Full Author List

  • Scheepers D; Knight EL

author count

  • 2

Other Profiles

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 2352-2518

Additional Document Info

start page

  • 115

end page

  • 119


  • 33