Computational Investigation Of Blood Flow And Flow-mediated Transport In Arterial Thrombus Neighborhood Journal Article uri icon



  • AbstractA pathologically formed blood clot or thrombus is central to major cardiovascular diseases like heart attack and stroke. Detailed quantitative evaluation of flow and flow-mediated transport processes in the thrombus neighborhood within large artery hemodynamics is crucial for understanding disease progression and assessing treatment efficacy. This, however, remains a challenging task owing to the complexity of pulsatile viscous flow interactions with arbitrary shape and heterogeneous microstructure of realistic thrombi. Here, we address this challenge by conducting a systematic parametric simulation based study on characterizing unsteady hemodynamics and flow-mediated transport in the neighborhood of an arterial thrombus. We use a hybrid particle-continuum based finite element approach to handle arbitrary thrombus shape and microstructural variations. Results from a cohort of 50 different unsteady flow scenarios are presented, including unsteady vortical structures, pressure-gradient across the thrombus boundary, finite time Lyapunov exponents, and dynamic coherent structures that organize advective transport. We clearly illustrate the combined influence of three key parameters - thrombus shape, microstructure, and extent of wall disease - in terms of: (a) determining hemodynamic features in the thrombus neighborhood; and (b) governing the balance between advection, permeation, and diffusion to regulate transport processes in the thrombus neighborhood.

publication date

  • June 12, 2020

has restriction

  • green

Date in CU Experts

  • November 14, 2020 7:26 AM

Full Author List

  • Teeraratkul C; Irwin Z; Shadden SC; Mukherjee D

author count

  • 4

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