Semidiurnal solar tide differences between fall and spring transition times in the Northern Hemisphere Journal Article uri icon



  • Abstract. We present a study of the semidiurnal solar tide (S2) during the fall and spring transition times in the Northern Hemisphere. The tides have been obtained from wind measurements provided by three meteor radars located at: Andenes (69° N, 16° E), Juliusruh (54° N, 13° E) and Tavistock (42° N, 81° W). During the autumn, S2 is characterized by a sudden and pronounced decrease occurring every year and at all height levels. The spring transition also shows a decrease of S2, but not sudden and that ascends from lower to higher altitudes during an interval of ~ 15 to 40 days. To assess contributions of different semidiurnal tidal components, we have examined a 20-year free run simulation by the Hamburg Model of the Neutral and Ionized Atmosphere (HAMMONIA). We found that the differences exhibited by the S2 tide between equinox times are mainly due to distinct behaviors of the migrating semidiurnal and the non-migrating westward propagating wave number 1 tidal components (SW2 and SW1, respectively). Specifically, during the fall both, SW2 and SW1 decrease, while during the spring time SW2 decreases but SW1 remains approximately constant or decreases only slightly. The decrease shown by SW1 during the fall occurs later than that of SW2 and S2, which indicates that the behavior of S2 is mainly driven by the migrating component. Nonetheless, the influence of SW1 is necessary to explain the behavior of S2 during the spring. In addition, a strong shift in the phase of S2 (of SW2 in the simulations) is also observed during the fall. Our meteor radar wind measurements show more gravity wave activity in the autumn than during the spring, which might be indicating that the fall decrease is partly due to interactions between SW2 and gravity waves.;

publication date

  • April 3, 2018

Date in CU Experts

  • May 27, 2021 6:36 AM

Full Author List

  • Conte JF; Chau JL; Laskar FI; Stober G; Schmidt H; Brown P

author count

  • 6

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