The Relation Between Viscous Energy Dissipation And Pulsation For Aortic Hemodynamics Driven By A Left Ventricular Assist Device Journal Article uri icon



  • AbstractLeft ventricular assist device (LVAD) provides mechanical circulatory support for patients with advanced heart failure. Treatment using LVAD is commonly associated with complications such as stroke and gastro-intestinal bleeding. These complications are intimately related to the state of hemodynamics in the aorta, driven by a jet flow from the LVAD outflow graft that impinges into the aorta wall. Here we conduct a systematic analyses of hemodynamics driven by an LVAD with a specific focus on viscous energy transport and dissipation. We conduct a complementary set of analysis using idealized cylindrical tubes with diameter equivalent to common carotid artery and aorta, and a patient-specific model of 27 different LVAD configurations. Results from our analysis demonstrate how energy dissipation is governed by key parameters such as frequency and pulsation, wall elasticity, and LVAD outflow graft surgical anastomosis. We find that frequency, pulsation, and surgical angles have a dominant effect, while wall elasticity has a weaker effect, in determining the state of energy dissipation. For the patient-specific scenario, we also find that energy dissipation is higher in the aortic arch and lower in the abdominal aorta, when compared to the baseline flow without an LVAD. This further illustrates the key hemodynamic role played by the LVAD outflow jet impingement, and subsequent aortic hemodynamics during LVAD operation.

publication date

  • July 15, 2022

has restriction

  • green

Date in CU Experts

  • July 19, 2022 12:57 PM

Full Author List

  • Sahni A; McIntyre EE; Cao K; Pal JD; Mukherjee D

author count

  • 5

Other Profiles