Hemodynamics Indicates Differences Between Patients With And Without A Stroke Outcome After Left Ventricular Assist Device Implantation. Journal Article uri icon



  • Stroke remains a leading cause of complications and mortality in heart failure patients treated with LVAD circulatory support. Hemodynamics plays a central role in affecting risk and etiology of stroke during LVAD support. Yet, detailed quantitative assessment of hemodynamic variables and their relation to stroke outcomes in patients with an implanted LVAD remains a challenge. We present an in silico hemodynamics analysis in a set of 12 patients on LVAD support; 6 with reported stroke outcomes and 6 without. We conducted patient-specific hemodynamics simulations for models with the LVAD outflow graft reconstructed from cardiac-gated CT images. A pre-implantation baseline flow model was virtually generated for each case by removing the LVAD outflow graft and driving flow from the aortic root. Hemodynamics was characterized using quantitative descriptors for helical flow, vortex generation, and wall shear stress. Our analysis showed higher average values for descriptors of positive helical flow, vortex generation, and wall shear stress, across the 6 cases with stroke outcomes on LVAD support, when compared with cases without stroke. When the descriptors for LVAD-driven flow were compared against estimated baseline flow pre-implantation, extent of positive helicity was higher, and vorticity and wall shear were lower in cases with stroke compared to those without. The study suggests that quantitative analysis of hemodynamics after LVAD implantation; and hemodynamic alterations from a pre-implant flow scenario, can potentially reveal hidden information linked to stroke outcomes during LVAD support. This has broad implications on understanding stroke etiology, LVAD treatment planning, surgical optimization, and efficacy assessment.

publication date

  • August 8, 2023

has restriction

  • green

Date in CU Experts

  • August 16, 2023 7:00 AM

Full Author List

  • Sahni A; Majee S; Pal JD; McIntyre EE; Cao K; Mukherjee D

author count

  • 6

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