Evidence for an epidermal growth factor-stimulated protein kinase cascade in Swiss 3T3 cells. Activation of serine peptide kinase activity by myelin basic protein kinases in vitro.
Two intermediary kinases in a protein serine/threonine kinase cascade that is triggered in the response of Swiss 3T3 cells to epidermal growth factor (EGF) have been identified. Several separable EGF-stimulated serine/threonine kinase activities were characterized in the preceding paper (Ahn, N. G., Weiel, J. E., Chan, C. P., and Krebs, E.G. (1990) J. Biol. Chem. 265, 11487-11494). These werepreincubated in various combinations in the presence of MgATP with chromatographic fractions from unstimulated cell extracts. Activation of the rate of phosphorylation of a synthetic peptide, Arg-Arg-Leu-Ser-Ser-Leu-Arg-Ala, was observed on preincubation of the breakthrough fraction from unstimulated cell extracts with either of two distinct EGF-stimulated kinase activities, each of which phosphorylated myelin basic protein. Kinetic analysis and fractionation bysizing gel chromatography demonstrated that two myelin basic protein kinase activities (of approximately 30 and approximately 50 kDa) represented the activating components in the mixtures whereas the unstimulated cell extract breakthrough gave rise in each case to the activated Arg-Arg-Leu-Ser-Ser-Leu-Arg-Ala peptide kinase activity of approximately 110 kDa. Inasmuch as the in vitro activation reactions required magnesium plus ATP and were reversed by protein phosphatase treatment, an activation mechanism involving phosphoryl transfer is suggested.