Three-year predictive validity of DSM-IV attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in children diagnosed at 4-6 years of age. Journal Article uri icon

Overview

abstract

  • OBJECTIVE: Predictive validity is a fundamental consideration in evaluating the DSM-IV diagnostic criteria for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), particularly for younger children. METHOD: The authors conducted four annual assessments of ADHD and functional impairment using multiple informants in 255 probands and matched comparison children who were 4-6 years old in wave 1. RESULTS: Nearly all children who met full criteria for ADHD in wave 1 met full criteria for ADHD over the next 3 years and continued to display marked functional impairment relative to comparison children, even when intelligence, co-occurring psychopathology, and demographic characteristics were controlled. CONCLUSIONS: These findings support the validity of the DSM-IV diagnosis of ADHD in younger children by demonstrating that the symptoms and associated impairment are likely to persist well into elementary school.

publication date

  • November 1, 2004

Full Author List

  • Lahey BB; Pelham WE; Loney J; Kipp H; Ehrhardt A; Lee SS; Willcutt EG; Hartung CM; Chronis A; Massetti G

Other Profiles

Additional Document Info

start page

  • 2014

end page

  • 2020

volume

  • 161

issue

  • 11