Distribution of Corticotropin‐Releasing Factor Binding Protein‐Immunoreactivity in the Rat Hypothalamus: Association With Corticotropin‐Releasing Factor‐, Urocortin 1‐ and Vimentin‐Immunoreactive Fibres Journal Article uri icon



  • AbstractCorticotropin‐releasing factor binding protein (CRF‐BP) is a 37‐kDa protein with high affinity binding sites for both corticotropin‐releasing factor (CRF) and urocortin 1. Previous studies have examined the distribution of CRF‐BP mRNA and peptide within the central nervous system. Due to the predominant cortical localisation, very little is known about CRF‐BP in subcortical structures including the hypothalamus. The present study employed immunohistochemistry to characterise the distribution of CRF‐BP‐like‐immunoreactive (‐ir) cells and fibres in the rat hypothalamus. Bipolar and multipolar CRF‐BP‐ir neurones were scattered throughout the rostro‐caudal extent of the hypothalamus. Distinct clusters of CRF‐BP‐ir neurones were identified in the anterior and posterior parvocellular and dorsal cap subdivisions of the paraventricular nucleus (PVN), as well as in the dorsal hypothalamic area, dorsomedial hypothalamic nucleus (DMN), ventral premammillary nucleus and zona incerta. CRF‐BP‐ir fibres extending from the third ventricle were found in the mediobasal hypothalamus and within the arcuate nucleus‐median eminence region. Double immunostaining together with confocal microscopy demonstrated that the CRF‐BP‐immunostained fibres within the mediobasal hypothalamus coincided with vimentin immunostaining indicating that CRF‐BP‐ir is present within tanycytes. To define the relationship between CRF‐BP‐ir cells and endogenous ligands for CRF‐BP, double immunohistochemistry was performed to examine possible sites within the hypothalamus where CRF‐ or urocortin 1‐ir fibres innervate regions that contain CRF‐BP‐ir cell bodies. CRF‐BP‐ir cell bodies typically coincided with dense CRF‐ir, but not urocortin 1‐ir fibre innervation. CRF‐ir fibre innervation was moderate to high within the anterior and posterior parvocellular subdivisions of the PVN, the dorsal cap of the PVN, DMN and the zona incerta; all regions that contained CRF‐BP‐ir cell populations. These studies demonstrate that, within the hypothalamus, CRF‐BP‐ir cells and fibres are concentrated within a circuitry known to be involved in mediating neuroendocrine and autonomic responses to stress.

publication date

  • March 1, 2005

has restriction

  • closed

Date in CU Experts

  • January 22, 2014 9:14 AM

Full Author List

  • Henry BA; Lightman SL; Lowry CA

author count

  • 3

Other Profiles

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0953-8194

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1365-2826

Additional Document Info

start page

  • 135

end page

  • 144


  • 17


  • 3