At the University of Colorado, I have helped pioneer a new technique to probe depositional ice nucleation onto internally mixed ammonium sulfate/palmitic acid particles, namely optical microscopy coupled with Raman microscopy. The deliquescence and efflorescence phase transitions of the mixed particles were first studied to gain insight into whether the particles are likely to be liquid or solid in the tropical tropopause region. The ice nucleating ability of the particles was then measured under typical upper tropospheric conditions. It was found that coating the particles with insoluble palmitic acid had little effect on the deliquescence, efflorescence or ice nucleating ability of ammonium sulfate. Additional experiments involving Raman mapping provided new insights into how the composition and morphology of mixed particles impact their ability to nucleate ice. Future research will be devoted to studying other types of particles using the Raman system.
aerosols, ice nucleation, cloud formation, water uptake
CHEM 1021 - Introductory Chemistry
For students with no high school chemistry or a very weak chemistry background. Remedies a deficiency in natural science MAPS requirements and prepares students for CHEM 1113 and CHEM 1114 or CHEM 1400 and CHEM 1401. No credit given to chemistry or biochemistry majors for this course if students already have credit in any college-level chemistry course numbered 1113/1114 or higher. Department enforced prerequisite: one year high school algebra or concurrent enrollment in MATH 1011.
CHEM 1114 - Laboratory in General Chemistry 1
Lab. Intended for first-semester students whose academic plans require advanced work in chemistry. Instruction in experimental techniques which coordinate with lecture topics in CHEM 1113. Department enforced prerequisites: one year high school chemistry or CHEM 1021 (min grade C-); high school math through pre-calculus. Not recommended for students with grades below B- in CHEM 1021. Department enforced corequisites: CHEM 1113. Not open to engineering students with exception of EPEN majors. Credit not granted for this course and CHEM 1401 or CHEM 1221.
CHEM 1133 - General Chemistry 2
Intended for second-semester students whose academic plans require advanced work in chemistry. Subjects: acid-base equilibria, buffers and titrations, thermodynamics, redox reactions, electrochemistry, transition elements and their coordination compounds, solubility/solubility equilibria, crystal field theory, kinetics, nuclear chemistry. Department enforced corequisite: CHEM 1134. Same as CHEM 2100.
CHEM 1221 - Engineering General Chemistry Lab
Meets general chemistry laboratory requirement for engineering students. Designed to illustrate chemical concepts and introduce basic techniques in chemical measurement and synthesis. Department enforced prerequisites: one year of high school chemistry or CHEM 1021 (min. grade C-) and high school algebra; B- in CHEM 1021 recommended. Credit not granted for this course and CHEM 1114 or CHEM 1401.
CHEM 1401 - Foundations of Chemistry Lab
Fall 2019 / Fall 2020
Coordinates with lecture topics in CHEM 1400. Intended for first-semester CHEM and BCHM majors. Emphasizes the development of hands-on practical laboratory skills, experimental design, data interpretation, problem solving and open inquiry. Department enforced prerequisites: one year high school chemistry or CHEM 1021 (minimum grad C-) and high school math through pre-calculus. Not recommended for students with grades below B- in CHEM 1021. Department enforced corequsite: CHEM 1400. Credit not granted for this course and CHEM 1114 or CHEM 1221.