Focusing on psychological case histories, Dr. Höcker's research examines the interplay between literature and the emerging human sciences from the 18th to the 20th century. Drawing on literary texts from Goethe, Schiller, Büchner to Döblin, Musil, and Kafka, and analyzing them in the context of contemporary scientific discourses—from 18th century psychology to 19th century criminology, and 20th century psychoanalysis—Dr. Höcker proposes a new assessment of literary discourse. Fictional literature since the 18th century not only contributed to the differentiation of the human sciences, but literature established itself in this process as the privileged medium for the modern style of “reasoning in cases”. In a sequence of narrative forms modern German literature shaped a discourse of the self that straddles the threshold of the individual and the general, and offers itself to institutional applications that base their decisions on an archive of knowledge of the individual.
History and Theory of Scientific Cultures, German Literature from the Enlightenment to the early 20th Century, intersections between literature and science, history of knowledge, history of human sciences, case history, psychoanalysis, realism, Goethe, Kafka, Musil