- All organisms must protect their genome from constantly occurring DNA damage. To this end, cells have evolved complex pathways for repairing sites of DNA lesions, and multiple in vitro and in vivo techniques have been developed to study these processes. In this review, we discuss the commonly used laser microirradiation method for monitoring the accumulation of repair proteins at DNA damage sites in cells, and we outline several strategies for deriving kinetic models from such experimental data. We discuss an example of how in vitro measurements and in vivo microirradation experiments complement each other to provide insight into the mechanism of PARP1 recruitment to DNA lesions. We also discuss a strategy to combine data obtained for the recruitment of many different proteins in a move toward fully quantitating the spatiotemporal relationships between various damage responses, and we outline potential venues for future development in the field.