Secure and defensive high self-esteem. Journal Article uri icon

Overview

abstract

  • Long-standing theories have suggested high self-esteem (SE) can assume qualitatively different forms that are related to defensiveness. The authors explored whether some high-SE individuals are particularly defensive because they harbor negative self-feelings at less conscious levels, indicated by low implicit SE. In Study 1, participants high in explicit SE but low in implicit SE showed the highest levels of narcissism--an indicator of defensiveness. In Studies 2 and 3, the correspondence between implicit and explicit SE predicted defensive behavior (in-group bias in Study 2 and dissonance reduction in Study 3), such that for high explicit-SE participants, those with relatively low implicit SE behaved more defensively. These results are consistent with the idea that high SE can be relatively secure or defensive.

publication date

  • November 1, 2003

has subject area

Full Author List

  • Jordan CH; Spencer SJ; Zanna MP; Hoshino-Browne E; Correll J

Other Profiles

Additional Document Info

start page

  • 969

end page

  • 978

volume

  • 85

issue

  • 5