Masano Yamashita's current research is centered on Disasters, accidents and chance in eighteenth-century France. Her research is more generally on the literature and culture of the French Enlightenment. Her work analyzes the relationship between clandestine modes of knowledge in the French traditions of materialist libertinism and the Enlightenment project of philosophizing as public service. She has published on Rousseau, Diderot, eighteenth-century affect theory, the relationship between rhetoric and democracy during the Revolutionary period, poverty and chance in Marivaux, and theatricality in the Ancien Régime.
Public sphere theory, the representation of Catastrophes and accidents in 18th century literature, cosmopolitanism and social thought, Eighteenth-century Enlightenment philosophy and literature, materialism, information theory