A 9L gliosarcoma transplantation model for studying adoptive immunotherapy into the brains of conscious rats. Journal Article uri icon



  • A rat model for brain tumor immunotherapy is described that closely mimics the type of treatment that could be administered to humans. It involves surgical implantation of a permanent cannula in the brain, through which tumor cells and various effector cells and/or cytokines can be injected. The advantage of this system over more conventional animal surgical procedures is that conscious animals can be treated multiple times while avoiding morbidity and mortality associated with reoperative procedures. Using this system to study adoptive immunotherapy for brain tumors, we provide evidence that the 9L gliosarcoma tumor from the Fischer rat strain can be reduced or destroyed in situ following adoptive immunotherapy with specifically activated cytotoxic T lymphocytes.

publication date

  • January 1, 1992

has subject area

has restriction

  • closed

Date in CU Experts

  • September 4, 2013 11:34 AM

Full Author List

  • Fleshner M; Watkins LR; Redd JM; Kruse CA; Bellgrau D

author count

  • 5

Other Profiles

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0963-6897

Additional Document Info

start page

  • 307

end page

  • 312


  • 1


  • 4