Prof. Banich's research specializes in using brain imaging techniques to understand the neural systems that allow us to direct our thoughts and actions so that we can prioritize, organize, and target our behavior in a goal-oriented manner, abilities often referred to as executive function. She investigates these issues both in normal individuals as well clinical populations, such as individuals with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, those with depression and anxiety, and those with learning disabilities. She also takes a developmental perspective, examining how executive functions mature during adolescence. Her research findings have been published in leading journals, including the journal Science. Among her other professional experiences, Prof. Banich has been a member of the MacArthur Foundation on Adolescent Development and Juvenile Justice and a Fulbright Senior Scholar in Verona, Italy.